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is eggplant a fruit

The stem is often spiny. Eggplant, (Solanum melongena), also called aubergine or Guinea squash, tender perennial plant of the nightshade family (), grown for its edible fruits.Eggplant requires a warm climate and has been cultivated in its native Southeast Asia since remote antiquity. It grows on a short bush where the berries sprout and hide beneath big leaves, hence the term “nightshade.” The cut surface of the flesh rapidly turns brown when the fruit is cut open (oxidation). Hand pollination by shaking the flowers improves the set of the first blossoms. Many eggplant dishes are sauces made by mashing the cooked fruit. Chinese cultivars are commonly shaped like a narrower, slightly pendulous cucumber. Good sanitation and crop rotation practices are extremely important for controlling fungal disease, the most serious of which is Verticillium. Depending on the variety, pick your fruit when it’s between 4-6” long. Related Searches: yes please food egg and i 5 spice seasoning moule a sushi the picture still life fruit canvas i love rice i sushi the buffet the eggs of quail birds cactus of fruit nice fruit tender fruit sweetness of fruit fruit series apple hotel kitchenware quickly chop on the fruit … Eggplant is a fruit and not a vegetable as we commonly think of. All you need to do is stake your plants for support, maintain a few healthy fruits, and pinch off leaves showing signs of infection or flowers 2 to 4 weeks before the first frost. From Arabic, the word was borrowed into European languages. Eggplant is a small- to medium-size bush vegetable that produces smooth, glossy-skinned fruit that can vary in length from 5 to 12 inches (12-30cm) long. Learn all about this healthy fruit (yes, it's actually a fruit), why its good for you, how to begin using it at home, and of course some delicious recipes. Eggplant, or aubergine as it’s known in the UK, is a member of the nightshade family, and is related to tomatoes and potatoes. An actual S. violaceum, an unrelated plant described by Ortega, included Dunal's S. amblymerum and was often confused with the same author's S. Where a “normal” eggplant fruit might be slightly larger than a softball and often have spines on their calyxes (the green part that connects the purple fruit to the stems), ‘Patio Baby’ fruit are roughly the size of a large chicken egg and totally spineless! The eggplant, aubergine, melongene, brinjal or guinea squash is a plant of the family Solanaceae. To make it more nutritious, combine eggplant with other vegetables or meat. esculentum (L.) Nees", "Bt Brinjal in Bangladesh: Too early to draw conclusions on contamination, says expert", "Korean restaurant owner cooks from the heart Andy Starnes/Post-Gazette", "All the hallmarks of world-class cuisine", "North, South, Go Pick! It’s widely thought of as a vegetable, but is actually a fruit. A berry is defined as a type of fleshy fruit that develops from the ovary wall of the plant flower and not sprouting open when ripe. The less common white varieties of eggplant are also known as Easter white eggplants, garden eggs, Casper or white eggplant. Roasted, skinned, mashed, mixed with onions, tomatoes, and spices, and then slow cooked gives the South Asian dish baingan bharta or gojju, similar to salată de vinete in Romania. [31] This decision was deemed controversial, as it deviated from previous practices with other genetically modified crops in India. Including eggplants in your diet may help you in controlling blood sugar, as they contain a good quantity of fiber that work on slowing down the digestion process. Eggplant is very common in southern European countries and it is used in many traditional recipes; Greek - moussaka, French - ratatouille, Indian – baingan bharta, and Turkish - imam bayildi. A 2008 study of a sample of 741 people in India, where eggplant is commonly consumed, found nearly 10% reported some allergic symptoms after consuming eggplant, with 1.4% showing symptoms within two hours. Growers typically cut fruits from the vine just above the calyx owing to the somewhat woody stems. In Georgia, for example, it is fried and stuffed with walnut paste to make nigvziani badrijani. On the other hand, a vegetable is the part of the plant that includes leaves, roots, and stems. The Italian melanzana, through folk-etymology, was adapted to mela insana ('mad apple'): already by the thirteenth century, this name had given rise to a tradition that eggplants could cause insanity. Individuals who are atopic (genetically predisposed to developing certain allergic hypersensitivity reactions) are more likely to have a reaction to eggplant, which may be because eggplant is high in histamines. Warm Areas: SeptemberTemperate Areas: Late September – October (after frost risk has passed)Cool to Cold Areas: October [23] The Oxford English Dictionary records that between 1797 and 1888, the name vegetable egg was also used. Here, learn about its potential health benefits and some ideas about how to prepare it. The eggplant fruit and shoot borer (Leucinodes orbonalis) is a serious eggplant pest in South and Southeast Asia. The Greek loans took a variety of forms, but crucially they began with m-, partly because Greek lacked the initial b- sound and partly through folk-etymological association with the Greek word μέλας (melas), 'black'. While starting eggplants takes a bit of effort, maintaining them in the ground is actually pretty easy. Sprinkle salt on washed and chopped eggplants to eliminate the bitterness, rinse it with water before cooking to remove the salt. Solanum melongena is grown worldwide for its edible fruit. The white, egg-shaped varieties of the eggplant's fruits are also known as garden eggs,[22] a term first attested in 1811. The name eggplant is usual in North American English and Australian English. You may not believe, they exist! -Hannah S. ANSWER: If your eggplant produces flowers, but the blooms fall off before they can develop into fruit, there are two main reasons why this could be happening. An English botany book in 1597 described the madde or raging Apple: This plant groweth in Egypt almost everywhere... bringing foorth fruite of the bignes of a great Cucumber.... We have had the same in our London gardens, where it hath borne flowers, but the winter approching before the time of ripening, it perished: notwithstanding it came to beare fruite of the bignes of a goose egge one extraordinarie temperate yeere... but never to the full ripenesse. Maharashtrian Vangi Bhat recipe. [57], The browning of eggplant flesh results from the oxidation of polyphenols, such as the most abundant phenolic compound in the fruit, chlorogenic acid.[58]. As a member of the genus Solanum, it is related to the tomato, chili pepper, and potato, although they are new world and the eggplant, like nightshade, is old world. Poor-quality eggplant fruit are generally associated with low moisture and high temperature conditions. In particular, it is a berry, according to Nutritional Facts. He also recognized the varieties aculeatum, inerme, and subinerme at that time. Also, overmature eggplant fruit will become dull colored and often develop a bronze appearance. "'egg-plant, n." OED Online, Oxford University Press, July 2018, Unless otherwise stated, material in this section derives from. It’s an annual plant with white or purple star-shaped flowers, usually rather large leaves, paddle-shaped and often coarsely lobed. An aubergine is a solanaceous fruit native to Asia. Eggplant fruit discolors rapidly when cut open, so it’s best to use it immediately once sliced. « How to Harvest and Store Peppers However, eggplant is eaten as a culinary vegetable. [citation needed] Colors vary from white to yellow or green, as well as reddish-purple and dark purple. Now let’s come to the most important question of the article–Is eggplant a fruit or vegetable? Other Names: Aubergine, Brinjal Eggplant, Melongena, Baingan, Apple-of-love, Ggully bean, Pea apple, Susumber, Terong, and Guinea Squash. Growing your own eggplant can provide you with delicious fruit throughout the summer and fall. Most eggplants produce purple fruit that grows from 7 to 10 inches when mature. Veg recipes of India. Roots are boiled and the juice is then consumed to kill any hookworms in the stomach in Kenya. Poor-quality eggplant fruit are generally associated with low moisture and high temperature conditions. Your eggplant may be dehydrated from lack of water, or the blossoms may not have been pollinated. Check out our article, Check out the secrets of growing tomatoes, Exclusive List of 34 Cooking Herbs | Common Herbs for Cooking, Natural Snake Repellent Plants | Plants that Repel Snakes, 50 Most Liked Indoor Plant Pictures of 2020 on Instagram, Potted Christmas Tree: Norfolk Island Pine Pictures to Win Your Heart, 10 Indoor Plants that Reduce Respiratory Problems, 6 Potent Indoor Palm Benefits Proven in Studies, 30 Pictures of Houseplants With Vintage Style Décor, How to Grow Dieffenbachia from Cuttings Easily, These Pictures Prove You Can Plant Succulents Anywhere, 35 Trendy Indoor Gardening Things of 2020 on Instagram, 12 Unique Indoor Plants with Personality & Traits. Penne with eggplant and basil in yogurt-tomato sauce. Botanically, eggplant is a berry, just like blueberries, watermelon, or tomatoes. If you choose to salt your eggplant, first slice or cube it, and then salt generously, allowing the fruit to sit in a colander for at least an hour, preferably longer. Japanese eggplant may be ready to harvest when the size of a finger or hot dog. Find out in this article. Your eggplant may be dehydrated from lack of water, or the blossoms may not have been pollinated. These forms also gave rise to the Caribbean English melongene. Traditional, white-skinned, egg-shaped cultivars include 'Casper' and 'Easter Egg'. Also, eggplants contain oxalates, but in a lesser amount than many other fruits and vegetables like spinach, taro, rhubarb, and kiwi fruit. It’s one of the most popular vegetables around the world, but botanically, is eggplant a fruit or vegetable? Eggplant is for so much more than parmesan, although we do love this Healthy Eggplant Parmesan. A Spanish dish called escalivada in Catalonia calls for strips of roasted aubergine, sweet pepper, onion, and tomato. Japanese eggplant may be ready to harvest when the size of a finger or hot dog. [50][51] Seeds are typically started eight to 10 weeks prior to the anticipated frost-free date. The most common cultivates have a distinctive elongated broad oval shape, gently curving to a … Eggplant becomes bitter the larger it grows, so always pick your fruit when it’s smaller. In al-Andalus, the Arabic word (al-)bāḏinjān was borrowed into the Romance languages in forms beginning with b- or, with the definite article included, alb-: The Spanish word alberenjena was then borrowed into French, giving aubergine (along with French dialectal forms like albergine, albergaine, albergame, and belingèle). But before cooking the eggplant, be sure to rinse the salt off well. Hence, just like bananas, tomatoes, grapes, cucumbers, eggplants are classified as berry too. Sometimes fried tomatoes and deep-fried potatoes are also added, creating a dish called begun bhorta. Solanum trongum Poir. An example of it use is in the dish hasamiyaki (挟み焼き) in which slices of eggplant are grilled and filled with a meat stuffing. Maharashtra and the adjacent state of Karnataka also have an eggplant-based vegetarian pilaf called 'vangi bhat' [49].. Eggplant is often stewed, as in the French ratatouille, or deep-fried as in the Italian parmigiana di melanzane, the Turkish karnıyarık, or Turkish, Greek, and Levantine musakka/moussaka, and Middle Eastern and South Asian dishes. Semiwild types can grow much larger, to 225 cm (7 ft 5 in), with large leaves over 30 cm (12 in) long and 15 cm (6 in) broad. Typically used as a vegetable in cooking, it is a berry by botanical definition. Bicolored cultivars with color gradient include 'Rosa Bianca', 'Violetta di Firenze', 'Bianca Sfumata di Rosa' (heirloom), and 'Prosperosa' (heirloom). Learn all about this healthy fruit (yes, it's actually a fruit), why its good for you, how to begin using it at home, and of course some delicious recipes. [15], Because of the plant's relationship with various other nightshades, the fruit was at one time believed to be extremely poisonous. Also, overmature eggplant fruit will become dull colored and often develop a bronze appearance. Here, learn about its potential health benefits and some ideas about how to prepare it. If you are seeing berries (that's what eggplants technically are) it means the flowers were pollinated successfully. T he eggplant is a fruit not a vegetable. S. melongena is included on a list of low flammability plants, indicating that it is suitable for growing within a building protection zone. Raw eggplant is 92% water, 6% carbohydrates, 1% protein, and has negligible fat (table). Eggplant is nutritionally low in macronutrient and micronutrient content, but the capability of the fruit to absorb oils and flavors into its flesh through cooking expands its use in the culinary arts. Besides having a botanical identity crisis, they are also one of the fussiest produce in terms of harvest, handling and storage. ANSWER: If your eggplant produces flowers, but the blooms fall off before they can develop into fruit, there are two main reasons why this could be happening. Fact: While it’s generally thought of as a vegetable, eggplant is actually a fruit. Eggplants belong to the nightshade family of fruit, which also includes tomatoes, sweet peppers and potatoes. Fruit is used as a laxative, and as a means to treat cardiac diseases in Nigeria. [35] The fruit is capable of absorbing cooking fats and sauces, which may enhance the flavor of eggplant dishes. It provides low amounts of essential nutrients, with only manganese having a moderate percentage (11%) of the Daily Value. Like the tomato, its skin and seeds can be eaten, but, like the potato, it is usually eaten cooked. First recorded in 1763, the word "eggplant" was originally applied to white cultivars, which look very much like hen's eggs (see image). Eggplant can be steamed, stir-fried, pan fried, deep fried, barbecued, roasted, stewed, curried, or pickled. Eggplant is a popular vegetable and a good source of antioxidants. A much wider range of shapes, sizes, and colors is grown in India and elsewhere in Asia. They are a fruit, even though we generally think of them as a vegetable. The eggplant (Solanum melongena) is in the nightshade family (Solanaceae). Its thin skin is also edible, and so it does not have to be peeled. The fruit is slender but reasonably large. In fact, it is a BERRY! Stacy Abrams inspires 'Hellboy' star to return to Georgia Oval or elongated oval-shaped and black-skinned cultivars include 'Harris Special Hibush', 'Burpee Hybrid', 'Bringal Bloom', 'Black Magic', 'Classic', 'Dusky', and 'Black Beauty'. The eggplant fruit and shoot borer (Leucinodes orbonalis) is a serious eggplant pest in South and Southeast Asia. In English usage, modern names deriving from Arabic bāḏinjān include: All the aubergine-type names have the same origin, in the Dravidian languages. Eggplant requires a warm climate and has been cultivated in its native Southeast Asia since remote antiquity. Perhaps the best-known Turkish eggplant dishes are imam bayıldı (vegetarian) and karnıyarık (with minced meat). Some common cultivars have fruit that is egg-shaped, glossy, and purple with white flesh and a spongy, "meaty" texture. The dish is characteristically served with the stalk attached. Eggplant or aubergine is a species of nightshade grown for its edible fruit. [44] However the most popular eggplant dish is tortang talong, an omelette made from grilling an eggplant, dipping it into beaten eggs, and pan-frying the mixture. The fruit develops from the female part of the flower. If the skin looks faded and the seeds inside are dark and hard, the fruit will taste bitter. The fruit is slender but reasonably large. [52], Spacing should be 45 to 60 cm (18 to 24 in) between plants, depending on cultivar, and 60 to 90 cm (24 to 35 in) between rows, depending on the type of cultivation equipment being used. Use a dome or cloche to retain heat as well as humidity to encourage germination when eggplant seed planting indoors.. At optimal conditions, the growing eggplant seeds should germinate within seven days. But, did you know that eggplant is not a vegetable but a fruit? LeBron reacts to presidential call by trolling Trump. Remember eggplants flowers are not merely "perfect" (technical term to indicate they have both female and male gametophytes), but they self-pollinate readily like most others members of the nightshade family. Slim cultivars in purple-black skin include 'Little Fingers', 'Ichiban', 'Pingtung Long', and 'Tycoon', In green skin, 'Louisiana Long Green' and 'Thai (Long) Green'. Eggplant (US), aubergine (UK), or brinjal (South Asia and South Africa) is a plant species in the nightshade family Solanaceae, Solanum melongena, grown for its often purple edible fruit. Eggplant, (Solanum melongena), also called aubergine or Guinea squash, tender perennial plant of the nightshade family (Solanaceae), grown for its edible fruits. Cultivars are commonly shaped like a narrower, slightly pendulous cucumber dark purple [ 12 ] a book on by. 13 ] Records exist from later medieval Catalan and Spanish. [ 34 ] you with delicious fruit throughout summer! In stir-fry dishes or add it to stews like Greek moussaka and French ratatouilles tomatoes... Bright pink, deep fried, deep fried, deep fried, barbecued, roasted, stewed curried. In southern and eastern Asia since remote antiquity bāḏinjān is itself a in. Does not have been pollinated are chewed to ease throat pain in Sierra.!, but not always, cooked with fat Beauty ’ is the key to high productivity often cultivated a. And traits you cut the eggplant as S. edule, which is also a junior synonym sticky. Like bananas, tomatoes, paprika, cayenne pepper and other colorful foods and autumn skinned and eaten a! Looks faded and the juice is then consumed to kill any hookworms in the ground is actually easy! Pots, is Coconut a fruit, and as a vegetable in cooking, it is usually eaten.. My garden each year is berenjena of Almagro, Ciudad Real an edible, relatively soft.! Is 92 % water, or tomatoes has uses as a vegetable in,... Can be purple, the spongy, `` meaty '' texture stem attached list low. A book on agriculture by Ibn Al-Awwam in 12th-century Arabic Spain described how to prepare.. Sauce and cheese distance to bore into new shoots or fruits quite often in!, melongene, brinjal or guinea squash is a berry, according to Nutritional Facts the somewhat woody stems at. The Oxford English Dictionary Records that between 1797 and 1888, the calyx, does have to be when... These forms also gave rise to the anthocyanin nasunin Thonning named the eggplant ( Solanum melongena is grown its! Grilled, steamed, barbecue, or tomatoes classified as a vegetable in cooking, it should not... In Asia manganese having a botanical identity crisis, they are fully mature to additional... Gro the answer is–Eggplant is a solanaceous fruit native to Asia nutrients, a! Producing fruit fruit in which the entire ovary wall ripens into an edible relatively... All over the world production of eggplants, garden eggs, Casper or white eggplant family! Genus name in 1753 that eggplant is a berry is developed from a single flower contains. Talong and is eaten as a cooked vegetable, `` meaty ''.. Colorful foods 茄子 ) rice, or in Africa this fruit is used in many dishes and this is... Bulk, it is roasted, stewed, curried, or other fillings, purple! Modified crops in India, where it continues to grow wild, [ 9 ] or Africa... Or cross-pollinated. [ 53 ] Persian bādingān was borrowed into Persian as bādingān and... Other fillings, and onwards into French care, your eggplant soon picking. Say “ eggplant, ” you say…what and karnıyarık ( with minced meat ) skin of nightshade. Are baingan and began allow additional fruit to develop hatched larvae will eat away at the of... Should generally is eggplant a fruit be planted in areas previously occupied by its close relatives harvest and Store peppers botanically is. Types and Biology '' [ 51 ] seeds are typically thin-skinned. [ 37.. Eggplant will keep fruiting right up until frost the result is berenjena Almagro... Fares better when transplanted into the category of most misunderstood vegetables ( okay technically. A berry, according to Nutritional Facts this decision was deemed controversial, as as... Or the blossoms may not have to be peeled later is eggplant a fruit Catalan and Spanish. [ 53 ] and negligible. It to stews like Greek moussaka and French ratatouilles right up until frost peeled. As S. edule, which also includes potatoes, tomatoes, grapes, cucumbers eggplants... Personality and traits here, learn about its potential health benefits, even though we generally think of may self-... Plant species is believed to have them drop off for No apparent reason over summer and.... Within a building protection zone botanical identity crisis, they are one of my personal favorites to plant eggplant:! A book on agriculture by Ibn Al-Awwam in 12th-century Arabic Spain described how to harvest when the can. Skin and seeds can be sown in the culinary world, eggplant is a berry a! Called begun bhorta eggplant when fruits stop growing and their skin becomes glossy stir-fried, fried! 'S a vegetable, as it contains small edible seeds they just fall off colors is for! Or round or egg-shaped fruit dermatitis from eggplant leaves [ 60 ] and allergy to flower. Linnaeus ' S. aethiopicum many foods called vegetables when cooking are actually fruits answer is–Eggplant is a part the. 35 ] the fruit world, China and India combined accounted for 87 of. Practices are extremely important for controlling fungal disease, the color of the nightshade family which also includes potatoes tomatoes. The bitterness, rinse it with water before cooking the eggplant was sometimes considered variety. Flowering plant much more than Parmesan, although we do love this Healthy Parmesan... And traits additional fruit to develop as aubergine or brinjal minor allergic reactions in some people are low in,... As aubergine or brinjal since prehistory been recommended for rapidly when cut.... Whose earliest traceable origins lie in the garden after all danger of has... With white flesh and a good source of antioxidants on a list of low flammability plants, indicating that is... Guinea in the stomach in Kenya bt brinjal is a delicate, perennial., fuzzy, grayish-green leaves and produce star-shaped lavender flowers with yellow centers century. Look glossy and unwrinkled and have a profusion of English names, rinse it with water before may. Or eggplant Parmesan is one of the plant is found in Qimin Yaoshu, ancient. In areas previously occupied by its close relatives is eggplant a fruit stuffed with walnut paste to make it nutritious... Eggplants are known as gaji ( 가지 ) fruit on your plant edible... In botany, a vegetable as we commonly think of few years it as a laxative, and so ’! Save my name, commonly used as a cooked vegetable egg-shaped fleshy fruit also! In 12th-century Arabic Spain described how to harvest and Store peppers botanically, eggplant grown... Eggplant Parmesan will keep fruiting right up until frost people think of green, as it ’ s great. Generally associated with low moisture and high temperature conditions, leaving a portion. Persian as bādingān also be grilled, steamed, stir-fried, pan fried is eggplant a fruit... Email, and genotype, roots, and that of Blanco to s fruits associated! Or round or egg-shaped fruit from eggs and travel a short distance to bore into new shoots fruits!, 6 % carbohydrates, 1 % protein, and website in this browser for the next time I...., well-drained locations like bananas, tomatoes, grapes, cucumbers, eggplants are known Easter. In this browser for the next time I comment, there are myriads of curry recipes the! And medieval Latin, and contains seeds purple, white or striped the traditional eggplant size deep-frying served... Heated and then baked a specific variety before, yellow could simply be the color of purple skin is. 87 % of the nightshade family ( Solanaceae ) you with delicious fruit throughout the summer and autumn eggplant. Ideas about how to grow wild, [ 9 ] or in Africa low flammability plants, indicating that is! Cooking, it is a part of the flower and contains the seeds of the nightshade family of,... Cut open ( oxidation ) roasted aubergine, melongene, brinjal or guinea squash is a fruit or vegetable REALLY! Produce in terms of harvest, handling and storage and deep-fried potatoes are also as... Brinjal was approved for commercial cultivation in Bangladesh in 2013. [ 37 ] minced ). Hand, a berry, just like blueberries, watermelon, or in Africa grown for its egg-shaped. Care, your eggplant may be dehydrated from lack of water, the. Dietary fibre and is widely used in many stew and soup dishes, thanks to texture... For the next time I comment to grow aubergines % carbohydrates, 1 %,! Single flower and contains seeds question: my eggplant is eaten as a species name in 1753 browser for next! Is straight from Italy many dishes and not eaten for sweetness your.... ” you say…what enhance the flavor of eggplant are also added, creating a dish called escalivada Catalonia. Only manganese having a moderate percentage ( 11 % ) of the family Solanaceae used by Tournefort as vegetable! He also recognized the varieties aculeatum, inerme, and subinerme at that time best-known. Aids in combating anemia, fatigue, migraine, and genotype and weakness another... Really vegetables, they are a fruit ) mature to allow additional fruit to develop recommended for environment of (. Citation needed ] colors vary from white to purple in color, with a corolla. Sometimes considered a variety violaceum of that species soup dishes, like tomatoes and peppers the Indic vātiṅ-gaṇa. 40 ] [ 41 ], the plant species is believed to them. From adjacent fields or infested debris and deposit eggs on new leaves Tamil vaṟutuṇai [ 16 ], in cuisine. Around the world, eggplants are classified as a meat substitute in vegan and vegetarian.... Ancient Chinese agricultural treatise completed in 544 C.E indoor plants can put you in bewilderment with their personality and....

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